Wine Map Of Rhone Valley

 

Guide to Rhone Valley Wine Grapes for Red and White Wine Like every wine region, the wines of the Rhone Valley obtain their special qualities and unique flavor profile from their terroir, climate, choices made by the wine maker and of course, the Rhone Valley wine grapes planted in the vineyards. Wine Loire Valley Map with the French Wine Guide. Loire is home of Sancerre, Pouilly, Bourgueil, Anjou and other white finest wines.

Learn Everything about Rhone Valley Wines. The complete guide to all the best vineyards, wines, vineyards, wineries, winemakers and all the top producers in the Rhone Valley with complete profiles on all the top estates in Cote Rotie and Hermitage in the Northern Rhone, along with Chateauneuf du Pape and other important appellations in the Southern Rhone Valley.

The Rhône wine region is found on the Rhône River Valley in southern France and has two distinct wine producing sub regions: the Northern Rhône Valley & the Southern Rhône Valley. The two areas are separated, at the level of Valance, by a 30km stretch of land where there is no wine production.

The Rhône River Valley Wine Producing Area :
  • 71,000 hectares of planted vines
  • Annual wine production 400+ million bottles
  • 30 different AOC areas including Côtes du Rhône (the largest) and Château Grillet (the smallest)
  • Second largest wine growing region in France after Bordeaux
  • 27 unique grape varieties allowed under AOC rules
  • 5000 different producers
  • Production: 79% red, 15% rosé, 6% white
  • Wines are usually blended
  • Main grape variety in the north is Syrah and in the south is Grenache

The Northern Rhône Valley

Wine Map Of The Southern Rhone Valley

  • ​ Constitutes 5% of all Rhône Valley wine production, white and red
  • 8 appellations including: Côte-Rotie, Condrieu, Crozes-Hermitage, Saint-Peray
  • Famous for its red wines from the Syrah grape (Shiraz)
  • 3 white grapes varieties: Viognier, Marsanne and Roussanne
  • Reds need to age - elegant, exotic, highly perfumed, hints of ripe black fruits, pepper, earth, flowers, bacon & fat aromas, powerful & refined with depth ​​
The Southern Rhône Valley
  • Comprises 95% of all Rhône Valley wine production, red, rosé and white
  • 23 appelations including Côtes du Rhône, Côtes du Rhône Villages, Châteauneuf-du-Pape, Gigondas, Vacqueyras
  • Famous for its red Grenache based wines
  • 20 red grape varieties
  • 15 white grape varieties
  • Typically wines are described as warm, high in alchol (but balanced), luscious, spicy, ripe fruited, full bodied, jammy, elegant and refined

Geology and Geography
​The topography, rocks and soils of the Rhône Valley are the result of a geological collision between the Massif Central, in central France, and the Alps. This created a rift valley which was later flooded by the Mediterranean sea. This series of events means that the soils in the Rhône Valley are very complex and deversified consisting of four different rock types: granite, clay, limestone and sand.
The Northern Rhône Valley starts 30kms below Lyon, in Ampuis, and ends 90kms to the south near Valence. Funnel shaped vineyards extend on both sides of the Rhône from Vienne in the north to Valence. The scenery is often dramatic with many vineyards perched precariously on steep sided valleys with a variety of soil types.
The Southern Rhône Valley starts just below Valence and continues to Avignon, now considered to be the capital of Côtes du Rhône wines. The topography is in contarst to the north and is typified by flat, low sloping limestone hills with rocky and sandy soils.

Wine Map Of The Rhone Valley


MapHistory
The Rhône Valley has been cultivated for its vineyards for more than 2000 years. The ancient Greeks were probably the first people to plant vineyards in the region about 400 BC near Marseille, followed by the Romans who planted Syrah and Voignier vines around Vienne, nowadays known as the Côte Rotie.
Following a slump in wine production, due to the decline of the Roman Empire, Rhône wines became popular again when the Pope moved from Rome to Avignon in 1309. The sucession of Popes at the palace in Avignon, over the following five hundred years, appreciated their local wines. Extensive vineyards were planted around the city which led to a renaissance of the wine industry and gave rise to the most famous wine region in the area: Châteauneuf-du-Pape.

Climate & Grape Varieties
In the north of the Rhône Valley, where the climate is continental with some Mediterranean influences, the vines are grown on the foothills of the Massif Central. The only red grape allowed under AOC rules is the Syrah and some of the most prestigious French wines are made in this area for example Château Grillet, Condrieu, Côte Rotie, Hermitage etc.
The Mediterranean climate of the southern Rhône valley offers the opportunity to grow a variety of grapes including Grenache, Syrah, Mourvèdre and Cinsault.
The Mistral, the seasonal wind, is unique to the Rhône Valley and has a positive drying effect on the vines.

MapAOC Châteauneuf-du-Pape
Wine Map Of Rhone Valley

Wine Map Of Rhone Valley

The picturesque village of Châteauneuf-du-Pape is situated in the southern Rhône valley, just north of the historic town of Avignon in the Provence region of France.
It is the largest and most important appellation in the Southern Rhône Valley, with in excess of 3,200 hectares of vineyards and over 300 individual producers. Families have handcrafted extraordinary world famous wines in the area for more than 600 years using techniques passed down from generation to generation.

Wine Map Of Rhone Valley Wine


Best Rhone Valley Wines

Famous for its full bodied red wines, Châteauneuf-du-Pape is becoming increasingly known for it’s sought after white wines. These represent less than 5 per cent of local production and are rare to find outside of France. Under appellation (AOP) rules 13 grape varieties including Grenache, Mourvedre and Syrah are grown in the area. The ‘terroir’ is made up of 5 different soil varieties, a Mediterranean climate and the unique presence of small rounded rocks ‘galets roules’ - all key aspects of what makes Châteauneuf-du-Pape wines so distinctive.

Rhone River Valley Wineries