Steve Vai Songbook


The 7th Song, Enchanting Guitar Melodies (Archives Vol. 1) is a 2000 album by guitarist Steve Vai. It is his first compilation album, but unlike a standard 'greatest hits' or 'best of' album, all of the songs on it (save for the three new tracks and the hidden track) can be found on one of Vai. Steve Vai - Passion & Warfare (Songbook) 1991 Halo 2 Theme (Mjolnir Mix) 2008 Steve Vai - Selections fron the Elusive Light and Sound (Songbook) 2004 Steve Vai - The Ultra Zone (Songbook) 2002 More ways to shop: Find an Apple Store or other retailer near you. Or call 1-800-MY-APPLE.

Background information
Birth nameAnn Marie Simpson
BornMay 26, 1979 (age 41)
Gordonsville, Virginia, U.S.
GenresFilm Score, Bluegrass, rock
Occupation(s)Violinist, Entrepreneur, Inventor
InstrumentsViolin, Vocals
Years active1994–present
Associated actsHans Zimmer, Incubus, Dave Matthews Band, Steve Vai, AR Rahman, David A Stewart

Ann Marie Simpson-Einziger (born May 26, 1979) is an American violinist, inventor and technology entrepreneur. Ann Marie has closely collaborated with Hans Zimmer on numerous film scores,[1] including Sherlock Holmes, Interstellar, 12 Years a Slave, The Lone Ranger, The Little Prince, Man of Steel, and Captain Phillips among many others. Ann Marie has written and performed with a wide range of artists including Pharrell Williams, David A Stewart, Skrillex, Damian Marley, Robin Thicke, Tyler the Creator, Hans Zimmer, Jethro Tull, Steve Vai, Dave Matthews Band, Ringo Starr, A.R.Rahman and Mick Jagger's group SuperHeavy and Yanni. As a serial entrepreneur and inventor, Ann Marie is the co-founder of wireless networking technology platform, MIXhalo, and also co-founder of biotechnology startup, Versicolor Technologies. Ann Marie received her education at University of Virginia, where she double-majored in Music and Biology.

Personal life[edit]

She was born Ann Marie Simpson in 1979[2] in Virginia to a 'hillbilly dad',[3] a 'documented descendant of Pocahontas',[4] who plays banjo; and a 'Chinese mom',[3] who was a classically trained pianist.[4][5] Her brothers play guitar and her sister, Mary Simpson, is an accomplished bluegrass fiddler.[4][6] In 2016 she married Incubus guitarist Mike Einziger, with whom she has twin daughters, Talulah and Penelope, born in 2017. She was previously married to Brian Calhoun from 2002–2013.

Music training[edit]

Simpson began taking violin lessons at the age of three. As she says: 'I actually don't remember learning how to play, because I started when I was three. I feel like I've always known.'[7] The first hint of her talent came at the age of four when Simpson and her father were watching a Redskins game on television. After the band played 'Hail to the Redskins', he suddenly heard it again, only this time on the violin. 'She picked it up through her ears, and it came out through her fingers instantly. I knew she had a gift then.'[5] Simpson began playing bluegrass music with her siblings in the Simpson Family Band. As her father states: 'When she was 14, I started taking her to the fiddle contests, and she won just about every one.'[5]

'My mother, a classically trained pianist, signed me up for violin lessons. My father, a bluegrassbanjo player, couldn’t wait for me to learn some fiddle tunes. After I learned my first minuet, my father taught me how to play 'Turkey in the Straw.' I delighted in the contrast of musical styles, and I began supplementing my formal training in the classical violin with fiddle lessons from my father.'[8]
Steve vai songbook album

Ann Marie Simpson

Simpson attended Lake Braddock High School in Burke, Virginia, close to Washington, D.C. As a teenager, she was a youth fellow with the National Symphony Orchestra, a program that took her weekly to the Kennedy Center and provided private lessons with the National Symphony Orchestra's violinist, William Haroutounian.[5][9]

Simpson attended the University of Virginia where she double-majored in Music and Biology, graduating in the class of 2001.[10][11] While studying there she shared her bluegrass fiddle talents with Walker's Run[12] in Charlottesville, Virginia. From 2001 to 2003, she was part of the bluegrass fusion ensemble Old School Freight Train. She also takes part in Gary Ruley and Mule Train with other members of Walker's Run.

Before dedicating herself completely to her musical career, Simpson taught science and directed the strings program at Woodberry Forest School, in Madison County, Virginia.[13] She is 'taking a leave from this school to pursue music.'[3]


'She faced some harrowing musical challenges with determination, focus, confidence and respect, and she always delivered gracefully.... But the most captivating aspect of her playing is how her enchanting personality emanates through her fingertips and into the notes.'[14]

In 2004, Simpson recorded the violins on the album Stand Up for the Dave Matthews Band. In 2005 she toured Italy with the North African/American band, Kantara, which performed Arab-Appalachian music.[15] In 2006 Simpson was invited to tour with the progressive rock band, Jethro Tull, as a guest soloist. She admitted: 'I had to Google 'Ian Anderson' when he first contacted me.'[16] Anderson later said of Simpson: 'Unlike many of her fiddlin' friends from the classical world, Ann Marie has cultivated considerable improvisational abilities but still retains her music theory and the ability to play set parts and orchestrations.'[14]

In 2007 Simpson became a member of Steve Vai's band, String Theories.[17] The band began a world tour in June 2007.[18] Simpson received a gold sales award for her participation in Vai's 'Where the Wild Things Are' DVD. Her performance with Vai on 'Now We Run,' was nominated for a Grammy Award in the category of 'Best Instrumental Rock Group Performance.' Vai commented about her performance at that event: 'She should have been the one who had a full performance on the show, because she would have stunned people.'[5]

Ann Marie Calhoun appearing with Steve Vai September 2007.

At the 50th Grammy Awards on February 10, 2008, Simpson was the winner of the 'My Grammy Moment' contest, and played live with the Foo Fighters during the broadcast. In late February 2008, she recorded with The Hooters and played as a special guest with the band the Disco Biscuits. Later that year, Simpson performed multiple times as a special guest with the bands Switchfoot and Widespread Panic, and then performed with Ringo Starr on Larry King Live, The Late Late Show with Craig Ferguson, and at the Los AngelesHouse of Blues.

2009 saw Simpson perform with the 'First Lady of France,' Carla Bruni, along with Josh Groban and Aretha Franklin, at Radio City Music Hall to celebrate Mandela Day. Simpson appeared several times with Bon Jovi, including a Christmas performance at the White House for President Barack Obama. Simpson has toured as a featured soloist with Yanni.

On January 13, 2010, she performed for Ringo Starr with Ben Harper and the Relentless7 on The Daily Show to promote Starr's new album, Y Not.[19] She again played with them, with the addition of Joan Osborne, on January 14, 2010, for a performance at the Metropolitan Museum of Art, in New York City (which was recorded for the 2010 PBS show, Live from the Artists Den).[20][21][22]

Simpson collaborated with Hans Zimmer, as a featured soloist and contributing writer on the film score for the 2009 film Sherlock Holmes, directed by Guy Ritchie. The score was nominated for the 2010 Academy Award for Best Score. She also collaborated with Damian Marley to score the documentary Bouncing Cats, a film that follows one man's efforts to use dance to empower youth in war-torn Uganda. She worked with Dave Stewart (her manager), and co-wrote the theme song for the charity, Stand Up to Cancer.

Steve Vai Songbook Youtube

Simpson orchestrated and conducted an arrangement of 'I’ll Take It All' for Joss Stone to be used with Activision’s James Bond series games.

On May 17, 2010 she premiered as the lead actress, music composer, and official spokesperson for Tim Kring’s Conspiracy For Good (also known as 'SPIRA').

In 2011, Simpson played with the rock supergroup SuperHeavy with Mick Jagger, Dave Stewart, Joss Stone, A. R. Rahman, and Damian Marley on their debut studio album, Superheavy, and accompanied Stevie Nicks' on the album, 'In Your Dreams'.

Simpson performed again with Rahman on MTV Unplugged, and appeared with Hans Zimmer, Pharrell Williams, A. R. Rahman and Sheila E. at the 84th Annual Academy Awards in 2012.[23]

Simpson recorded on Stevie Nicks' 2014 album, 24 Karat Gold: Songs from the Vault.


  • Hans Zimmer, 12 Years a Slave - Original Motion Picture Score (solo violin), 2013.
  • Hans Zimmer, The Lone Ranger - Original Motion Picture Soundtrack (solo violin), 2013.
  • Hans Zimmer, Man of Steel - Original Motion Picture Soundtrack (solo violin), 2013.
  • Pearl Jam, Lightning Bolt (string arrangements) 2013.[24]
  • Dave Stewart, The Blackbird Diaries (violin), 2011.
  • Incubus, If Not Now, When (violin), 2011.
  • Stevie Nicks, In Your Dreams (violin, string arrangements), 2011.
  • Damian Marley and Nas, Distant Relatives (violin), 2010.
  • Ringo Starr, Y Not (violin), 2010.
  • Robbie Robertson, How To Become Clairvoyant Violin, 2010.
  • Vusi Mahlasela, Say Africa (violin), 2010.
  • Pharrell Williams, 'Marilyn Monroe' (violin), 2014.
  • Steve Vai, Where the Wild Things Are (violin), 2009.
  • Joan Osborne, Little Wild One (violin), 2008.
  • The Hooters, Both Sides Live (violin, vocals), 2008.
  • Dave Stewart, Dave Stewart Songbook, Vol.1 (violin), 2008.
  • Jethro Tull, The Best of Acoustic Jethro Tull (violin), 2007.
  • Various Artists, The Eclectic Bluegrass Collection (fiddle), 2006.
  • Gary Ruley and Mule Train, Live at the Troubadour, Volume I(fiddle), 2005.
  • Gary Ruley and Mule Train, Live at the Troubadour, Volume II (fiddle), 2005.
  • Dave Matthews Band, Stand Up (violin), RCA, ASIN: B00082ZSP2, 2005.
  • Old School Freight Train, Pickin' on Wilco: Casino Side (fiddle), 2004.
  • Old School Freight Train, Old School Freight Train (fiddle), 2002.
  • Gary Ruley, Gary Ruley and Mule Train (fiddle), 2002.

Articles, reviews, interviews, etc.[edit]

  • Assar, Vijith, 'FACETIME - Jethro lull: Local gal all over the place', The Hook, April 26, 2007.
  • Barnes, Lindsay, 'FACETIME - Calhoun's coup: Local violinist shines at the Grammys', The Hook, February 2, 2008.
  • Calhoun, Ann Marie, 'Last Look: Starving Artist', University of Virginia Arts and Science Magazine, February 17, 2006.
  • Fiddler's Grove Ole Time Fiddler's Contest, 1999 winners.
  • 'Interview with Ann-Marie Calhoun', Let It Rock, October 2006.
  • St. George, Donna, 'A Shining Moment In Grammy Spotlight: Talent Took N.Va. Violinist to 'Music's Biggest Night', The Washington Post, February 14, 2008
  • Connecther Special Performance by Anne Marie Simpson and Michael Einziger, Girls Impact the World Film Festival Awards, Harvard University, June 1, 2015.


  1. ^' - Ann Marie Simpson'. Retrieved 2019-07-23.
  2. ^'My GRAMMY Moment 2008 Down to Three Finalists Vying to Be Featured Performer in Foo Fighters Orchestra on 50th Annual GRAMMY Awards Feb. 10 on CBS', Business Wire, February 04, 2008. Quoting from the article: ' ... Ann Marie Calhoun (28 [years old], ... Gordonsville, Va. – Violin ...'
  3. ^ abc'Ann Marie Calhoun official website'. Retrieved 2012-02-29.
  4. ^ abc'Is it a fiddle or a violin?', Orange County Review inSIDEr, Orange, Virginia, June 7, 2007
  5. ^ abcdeSt. George, Donna (2008-02-14), 'A Shining Moment In Grammy Spotlight: Talent Took N.Va. Violinist to 'Music's Biggest Night'', The Washington Post, pp. B01
  6. ^'2005 Maury River Fiddler's Convention 12th Annual Maury River Fiddlers' Convention 2005'Archived 2009-05-03 at the Wayback Machine; Maury River Fiddler's Convention website; Buena Vista, Virginia.
  7. ^'FACETIME- Jethro lull: Local Gal All Over the Place'; April 26, 2007; interview by Vijith Assar; 'The Hook.'
  8. ^'Last Look: Starving artist'Archived 2008-03-26 at the Wayback Machine by Ann Marie Calhoun, posted February 17, 2006 University of Virginia Arts and Science Magazine.
  9. ^'Biography: William Haroutounian'Archived 2011-06-13 at the Wayback Machine, The John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts, Washington, D.C.
  10. ^Graves, Lee, 'Fiddling with the Stars: Violin Prodigy Rocks with Ringo, Wins Nationwide Grammy Contest'Archived 2010-06-01 at the Wayback Machine, The McIntire Department of Music Newsletter, University of Virginia, April 17, 2008
  11. ^Ann Marie Calhoun official website - (archived 2006) Quoting from the 2006 archived site: ' ... Ann Marie decided to be a science and strings teacher at Woodberry Forest School. (She also double majored in Biology and took pre-medicine requirements just for fun.) ...'
  12. ^'Walker's Run website'. Retrieved 2012-02-29.
  13. ^'The Jethro Tull Archive SET LISTt'. Electrocutas.Com. Retrieved 2012-02-29.
  14. ^ ab'Ann Marie Calhoun MySpace page'. 2011-09-01. Retrieved 2012-02-29.
  15. ^'Biography: Kantara Music'Archived 2011-07-13 at the Wayback Machine, Kantara Music website
  16. ^'Interview with ANN-MARIE CALHOUN'Let It Rock interview October 2006.
  17. ^Blabbermouth (23 May 2007). 'STEVE VAI Unveils New Band STRING THEORIES'. BLABBERMOUTH.NET. Retrieved 1 December 2017.
  18. ^'Steve Vai to Release Live Concert Film from Sound Theories Tour'Archived 2010-11-19 at the Wayback Machine, Modern Guitars Magazine, July 17, 2009
  19. ^'The Daily Show With Trevor Noah - Hulu'. Hulu. Archived from the original on 11 February 2010. Retrieved 1 December 2017.
  20. ^'Live from the Artists Den: Ringo Starr with Ben Harper and Relentless7'Archived 2010-08-23 at the Wayback Machine, The Artists Den website, 2010
  21. ^'Artists Den Presents Ringo Starr with Ben Harper & Relentless7', Spectrum, Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York City, Thursday, January 14, 2010
  22. ^'Live From The Artists Den: Ringo Starr With Ben Harper And Relentless 7 Airs Thursday, July 8, 2010 at 11 p.m. on KPBS TV', KPBS-TV website. Includes a photograph of the musicians playing on stage with Ann Marie Calhoun.
  23. ^'The 84th Annual Academy Awards (2012) With Pharrell Williams & Hans Zimmer, 'Pharrell Williams – It Don't Mean A Thing If It Ain't Got Pharrell' – The Neptunes No. 1 fan site, all about Pharrell Williams and Chad Hugo'. Retrieved 2012-02-29.
  24. ^'New Pearl Jam Album Lightning Bolt'. Pearl Jam OnLine. Archived from the original on 2013-09-10. Retrieved 2013-08-09.

Further reading[edit]

  • 'Is it a fiddle or a violin?', Orange County Review inSIDEr, Orange, Virginia, June 7, 2007

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ann Marie Calhoun.
  • Ann Marie Calhoun at AllMusic
Retrieved from ''
Directed byWalter Hill
Produced byMark Carliner
Written byJohn Fusco
Music byRy Cooder
CinematographyJohn Bailey
Edited byFreeman A. Davies
Color processTechnicolor
Distributed byColumbia Pictures
  • March 14, 1986
99 minutes
CountryUnited States
Box office$5,839,000 (US)[1]

Crossroads is a 1986 American coming-of-agemusical drama film inspired by the legend of blues musician Robert Johnson. Starring Ralph Macchio, Joe Seneca and Jami Gertz, the film was written by John Fusco and directed by Walter Hill and features an original score featuring Ry Cooder and guitar virtuoso Steve Vai on the soundtrack's guitar, and harmonica by Sonny Terry. Steve Vai also appears in the film as the devil's guitar player in the climactic guitar duel.

Fusco was a traveling blues musician prior to attending New York University Tisch School of the Arts, where he wrote Crossroads as an assignment in a master class led by the screenwriting giants Waldo Salt and Ring Lardner Jr. The student screenplay won first place in the national FOCUS Awards (Films of College and University Students) and was sold to Columbia Pictures while Fusco was still a student.


17-year-old Eugene Martone has a fascination for blues music while studying classical guitar at the Juilliard School for Performing Arts in New York City. Researching blues and guitar music brings famed Robert Johnson's mythically creative acclaim to his attention; especially intriguing are the legends surrounding exactly how Johnson became so talented – most notably the one claiming he 'sold his soul to the Devil at the crossroads', as well as a famed 'missing song' that was lost, supposedly evermore, to the world.

In his quest to find this song, he researches old archived newspaper clippings, learning that Johnson's longtime friend, musician Willie Brown, is alive and incarcerated for murder or attempted murder in a nearby minimum security hospital. Eugene goes to see the elderly man, who denies several times that he is that Willie Brown. He finally admits his identity after hearing Eugene play some blues (but notes that Eugene 'plays with no soul'). Willie then says he knows the missing Robert Johnson tune in question but refuses to give it to Eugene unless the boy breaks him out of the facility and gets him to Mississippi, where he has unfinished business to settle. Eugene agrees and they head south. The boy soon realizes, however, that Willie is constantly running minor scams such as claiming that he has more money than he actually has to cover their bus tickets. With only $40 on them, they end up 'hoboing' from Memphis to rural Mississippi.

During their quest, Eugene and Willie experience the blues legacy of Robert Johnson first-hand, taking part in an impromptu jam session at a 'jook joint' (as Willie calls it), where Eugene is given the nickname 'Lightning Boy' by Willie because of his musical skill. When Eugene jokingly suggests to Willie that he himself ought to 'sell his soul to the Devil at the crossroads', Willie slaps him, angrily telling him he should never joke like that.

The pair meet 17-year-old Frances, who hitchhikes with them and is fleeing her abusive stepfather. She and Eugene start a physical relationship. Before long, she abandons him and Willie to continue her own journey, leaving Eugene heartbroken but with a deeper feeling for the blues. Heartbroken, he plays on an old Fender Telecaster guitar using a Pignose amplifier that Willie helped him buy. Willie confesses that there is no missing Johnson song, but tells the boy that he has proven himself far beyond what learning any blues song could ever teach him. Some days earlier, Willie also confides that the secret of playing the blues is using a slide — a short piece of pipe that fits over the third finger.

Steve Vai Passion And Warfare Songbook Pdf

When they reach a rural crossroads in the middle of nowhere in Mississippi, Willie reveals the ultimate secret: his ability on the harmonica came about because of a deal with the devil made at this very location. The Devil, 'Scratch', formerly known as 'Legba', shows up and says that the contract for Willie's soul is still valid, even if Willie is ultimately dissatisfied with how his life turned out.

Eugene, believing the other two are joking around, steps into the conversation. The Devil offers a challenge: If Eugene can come to a special concert and win a guitar battle against his ringer guitarist, then Willie gets his soul back. If Eugene loses, then Eugene also forfeits his soul. Despite Willie's protests, Eugene agrees to the deal. Willie and Eugene are transported to a music hall, where metal-blues guitar master Jack Butler, who also sold his soul for musical ability, is wowing the crowd with his prowess. Eugene, now understanding the situation, receives a mojo bag from Willie to hold in his pocket. He also slips his slide on, giving him a perceived advantage over his opponent.

Eugene matches Butler throughout their guitar duel, and is eventually able to win the battle by falling back on his classical training playing a Paganini arrangement (based on an obscure mythos regarding the Devil - Paganini, apocryphally, encouraged the rumors that he had sold his soul to the Devil in exchange for his virtuosity on the violin) and performing music that his opponent cannot match. The Devil tears up Willie's contract, freeing the bluesman's soul.

Willie and Eugene are transported back to Mississippi, where they start walking again, talking of cities they plan to visit.


  • Ralph Macchio as Eugene Martone
  • Joe Seneca as Willie Brown
  • Jami Gertz as Frances
  • Joe Morton as Scratch's Assistant
  • Robert Judd as Scratch
  • Steve Vai as Jack Butler
  • Dennis Lipscomb as Lloyd
  • Harry Carey Jr. as Bartender
  • John Hancock as Sheriff Tilford
  • Allan Arbus as Dr. Santis
  • Gretchen Palmer as Beautiful Girl/Dancer
  • Al Fann as Pawnbroker
  • Wally Taylor as O.Z.
  • Tim Russ as Robert Johnson
  • Tex Donaldson as John McGraw
  • Guy Killum as Willie at 17
  • Akosua Busia as Woman at Boardinghouse
  • Edward Walsh as Harley Terhune
  • Allan Graf as Alvin



The script was an original by John Fusco, who had long been interested in blues music. He worked as a blues singer and musician but had been warned by a doctor to rest his voice. In 1981 his girlfriend, who was working at a rest home, told him that an old black man with a harmonica had been admitted. Fusco went to visit him and on the way dreamt up a story about what would happen if the player was a legendary blues player. This gave him the idea for the story.[2] He expanded on the myth of Robert Johnson selling his soul to the Devil at the crossroads. Coincidentally, Johnson was inducted to the inaugural class of the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in January 1986, while the film was in production.

Fusco wrote the script as his Master's Thesis at New York University. It was only his second screenplay. Producer Mark Farliner acted as Fusco's independent adviser on it and later helped get it made.[3] Fusco was paid $250,000.[4]

Jami Gertz was cast as the female lead. 'She had the warmth I was looking for', Hill said, 'and she was feisty, but I wondered, is she strong enough? She has to put Macchio through the experience of falling in love, and then she has to leave him, to strengthen his character for the movie's final showdown. I decided to go with her, and I was amazed by how strong she seemed on the screen.'[5] Guitar specialist Arlen Roth was hired as Macchio's musical coach.[6]

Hill was aware of some surface similarities to The Karate Kid: 'You boil it down, and it sounds like a young kid and a wise old guy and their showdown with evil', said Hill. 'But if you really look at 'Crossroads,' it's a completely different movie... I knew my most difficult task would be creating real, believable scenes between Macchio and Seneca. They had to be real characters; with an ongoing reality level, to work at all. You have to set the stage, or when your movie shifts gears to fantasy, you lose your audience.'[5]


Shooting took place on location in Mississippi as well as Hollywood. Blues legend Frank Frost makes a cameo.

'I think the blues still speaks to kids today', said Ry Cooder, who performed the music with Steve Vai. 'It's so old that it's new.'[7]

Cooder says the final duel involving Vai 'had to be all mapped out, since we had to carefully choreograph the call-and-response of that guitar duel and use it as playback during the filming. Steve Vai is tremendously scientific when it comes to guitar playing, and was able to adapt to that process.' [8]

The filmmakers shot sad and happy endings and both were tested with audiences; the happy ending was chosen.[9] (The unhappy ending had Joe Seneca's character dying.[10])

Crossroads was Robert Judd's final film role. He died of stomach cancer in January 1986, two months before the film's theatrical release.

Awards and nominations[edit]


1986Flanders International Film Festival GhentGeorges Delerue PrizeBest Original MusicRy CooderWon[11][12]


Ry Cooder said he spent a year working on the soundtrack.[13] He later said:

That was an easy film to understand. We’ve all looked at that myth about a white kid going South, and I knew the sign posts along the way. Old time players, juke joints, the lonely roads you go down... These things are all wordlessly spoken of in blues music, which is an encyclopedia of experience. I had songs in my head that dealt with every scene in Crossroads. To mold them into shape for that film was like Blues 101.[8]

Critical response[edit]

Farliner said, 'This is as tricky a picture to market as anything. I was the first one who tried to sell the story. I know how tricky it is... It could be a classic crossover movie. But you could blow that opportunity real quick with a bad campaign.' He thought Columbia had an excellent marketing team and liked that the studio spent $6 million on launching it.[14]

According to Ry Cooder, the film 'went down the tubes'.[13] The film managed a domestic total gross of $5,839,031.[15]

As of 2021, the film had a 75% 'fresh' rating on Rotten Tomatoes from 16 reviews.[16]

Roger Ebert in his review stated that the movie 'borrows so freely and is a reminder of so many other movies that it's a little startling, at the end, to realize how effective the movie is and how original it manages to feel despite all the plunderings.' He praised the film's acting and music, giving the movie 3.5 stars out of 4.[17]


  1. ^Crossroads at Box Office Mojo
  2. ^Van Gelder, Lawrence (14 March 1986). 'Happy Ending for a Former Blues Singer'. New York Times. p. C8.
  3. ^Mathews, Jack (21 June 1985). 'Film Clips: Getting Through 'Oz' with Help of His Friends Film Clips: A Little Help'. Los Angeles Times. p. F1.
  4. ^Horn, John (31 Aug 1985). 'Focus Plots Happy Beginnings: Focus 1985'. Los Angeles Times. p. sd_e1.
  5. ^ abEbert, Roger (16 Mar 1986). 'Director Walter Hill Turns Movies into Myths'. Chicago Sun-Times. p. 7.
  6. ^Film credits.
  7. ^Goldstein, Patrick (28 July 1985). 'Pop Eye: Ry Cooder Takes Blues to the 'Crossroads' Pop Eye'. Los Angeles Times. p. t65.
  8. ^ abSchweiger, Daniel (December 1996). 'Partners in Crime'. Film Score Monthly. Vol. 1 no. 76. p. 17.
  9. ^Pond, Steve (6 February 1986). 'Too Much Springsteen'. Washington Post. p. C7.
  10. ^Goldstein, Patrick (21 March 1986). 'Joe Seneca Arrives at His Moment of Truth'. Los Angeles Times. p. I1.
  11. ^'Crossraods Awards'. Retrieved February 27, 2019.
  12. ^'Winner & Jury 1985–2012 Flandres International Film Festival Ghent'. Archived from the original on August 3, 2009. Retrieved February 27, 2019.
  13. ^ abMilward, John (20 December 1987). 'Lettin' it slide: Guitarist Ry Cooder won't follow rock trends'. Chicago Tribune. p. C28.
  14. ^Mathews, Jack (Mar 14, 1986). 'FILM CLIPS: ARGENTINE 'STORY' WITH NO LANGUAGE BARRIERS'. Los Angeles Times. p. I1.
  15. ^Crossroads at Box Office Mojo
  16. ^'Crossroads'. Rotten Tomatoes. Archived from the original on 2012-02-18. Retrieved 2012-02-10.
  17. ^Ebert, Roger (14 March 1986). 'Crossroads :: Reviews'. Chicago Sun-Times. Archived from the original on 2012-10-09. Retrieved 2021-01-11.

External links[edit]

Wikiquote has quotations related to: Crossroads (1986 film)
  • Crossroads at IMDb
  • Crossroads at AllMovie
  • Crossroads at Rotten Tomatoes
  • Crossroads – Arlen Roth's page about the shooting of the film
Retrieved from ''