Andrea Chenier

 


  1. Andrea Chenier Improvviso
  2. Andrea Chenier Libretto
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Umberto Giordano

Andrea Chenier is undoubtedly the role he was born to sing - it fits both his voice and his personality like a glove. You can talk about Mario del Monico, Pavarotti, or anyone else until you are blue in the face - they all fall short of this performance. Met Opera on Demand delivers instant access to more than 500 Met performances, including Live in HD videos, classic telecasts and radio broadcasts. Download the new iPad app to watch on your TV with Apple TV via AirPlay. Enjoy a free 7-day trial!

Umberto Giordano (arr. Giuseppe Vaninetti; ed. Andrew Glover)


Subtitle:Excerpts from the Opera


General Info

Year: 1896 / 2010
Duration: c. 8:45
Difficulty: VI (see Ratings for explanation)
Publisher:C.L. Barnhouse
Cost: Score and Parts (print) - $110.00 Score Only (print) - $10.00


Instrumentation

Full Score
C Piccolo
Flute I-II
Oboe I-II
Bassoon I-II
B-flat Soprano Clarinet I-II-III
B-flat Bass Clarinet
E-flat Alto Saxophone I-II
B-flat Tenor Saxophone
E-flat Baritone Saxophone
B-flat Cornets I-II-III
Horn in F I-II-III-IV
Trombone I-II-III
Euphonium
Tuba
Timpani
Percussion, including:

  • Bass Drum
  • Crash Cymbals
  • Snare Drum
  • Suspended Cymbal
  • Tam-tam (large)


Errata

None discovered thus far.


Program Notes

One of the most dramatic selections ever presented for band, Andrea Chénier has been a staple of mature and professional bands for over a century. This intense and exciting work includes some of the most passionate moments from the Italian opera into a breathtaking tour de force for mature bands. Prominently featuring bel-canto solos for euphonium and cornet/trumpet, the gorgeous melodies and dramatic musical climaxes will both thrill and excite performers and audiences alike. This striking fresh arrangement is carefully re-orchestrated to be more idiomatic to the wind band medium.

- Program Note by publisher


Andrea Chénier is a verismo opera in four acts by the composer Umberto Giordano, set to an Italian libretto by Luigi Illica. It is based loosely on the life of the French poet André Chénier (1762-1794), who was executed during the French Revolution. The character Carlo Gérard is partly based on Jean-Lambert Tallien, a leader of the Revolution.

- Program Notes from Wikipedia


The opera Andrea Chenier was first produced at La Scala Theatre in Milan on March 28, 1896. The first American performance was given at the Academy of Music in New York City in November of the same year; the first Metropolitan Opera showing was on March 7, 1920. At least two band arrangements of excerpts from the opera have been in United States since the turn of the century -- Arthur Pryor and the Sousa Band recorded the 1902 arrangement by Giuseppe Vaninetti in 1903. J J Richards’ arrangement (1951) has been widely used since its publication.

Events preceding the opera premiere at La Scala in Milan included a disagreement regarding finances between the librettist Luigi Illica and Giordano, which ended with the latter’s winning the argument by drawing a (toy) pistol; a dispute with the publisher’s reader, which was arbitrated by Pietro Mascagni; and rehearsals which went so badly that the lead tenor walked out. Fortunately, he was replaced by a gifted young singer (Giuseppe Borgatti), and the opera was a great success. Giordano won a lucrative contract, a knighthood, and the hand of a hotel heiress, Olga Spatz-Wurms.

The libretto of Andrea Chenier is based on the life of French poet André Chénier (1762-1794). Though sympathetic to the ideals of the French Revolution, Chénier openly denounced the violence of the radical Jacobins and was consequently imprisoned and sentenced to death by Robespierre on the basis of a fraudulent treason charge.

The music in this selection begins at a ball given by the Countess de Coigny. Her daughter Madeleine is deeply attracted to Chénier and begs him to improvise a poem decrying the servitude of the poor. Chénier had originally been an ardent supporter of the French Revolution but, alarmed by its excesses, had attacked the leaders and was now denounced as a traitor and sentenced to die. Madeleine attempts to persuade the Revolutionary Tribunal to take her life instead of her lover's but is refused. Finally, she bribes a jailer to substitute her name on the death list for that of another woman, and she might die with him. The work closes as they make their way together across the courtyard of St. Lazare prison to the guillotine.

- Program Note from Program Notes for Band


Commercial Discography

Andrea chenier pavarotti
  • Audio CD:Osaka Municipal Symphonic Band (Gyochi Yoshida, conductor) – 2011


Media Links

  • Audio:Reference recording. Ensemble and conductor unknown
Andrea Chenier


State Ratings

Andrea Chenier Improvviso

  • Florida: VI


Performances

To submit a performance please join The Wind Repertory Project

  • John Hersey High School (Arlington Heights, Ill.) Symphonic Band (Scott Casagrande, conductor) – 23 February 2018 (CBDNA 2018 North Central Conference, Kalamazoo, Mich.)
  • Callanwolde Concert Band (Atlanta Ga.) (Raymond Handfield, conductor) – 22 March 2015


Works for Winds by this Composer

  • Andrea Chénier (arr. Richards) (1896/1951)
  • Andrea Chénier (arr. Glover) (1896/2010)
  • Finale from 'Andrea Chénier (arr. Curnow) (2000)
  • Grand Fantasia from the Opera 'Andrea Chénier' (arr. Bellstedt)
  • Three Excerpts from 'Fedora' (arr. Suzuki)


Resources

Chenier
  • Heritage Encyclopedia of Band Music. 'Umberto Giordano.' Accessed 30 March 2015
  • Smith, Norman E. (2002). Program Notes for Band. Chicago: GIA Publications, pp. 232-233.
Retrieved from 'https://www.windrep.org/index.php?title=Andrea_Chenier&oldid=187209'

Luciano Pavarotti is at his most ardent as the romantic poet Andrea Chénier who is overwhelmed by his impossible love for the beautiful Maddalena (Maria Guleghina). She is a pampered aristocrat and he is but a poor member of the French Revolution. But even though their entire world is being torn apart in by unprecedented violence, their love will not be denied—even if it costs both of them their lives. Juan Pons is Gérard, Maddalena’s former servant who loves her enough to give her up. James Levine leads the impressive forces with impassioned, idiomatic conducting.

Full Synopsis

Performance Info

Performance Date

Oct 15, 1996

Composer

Umberto Giordano

Librettist

Luigi Illica

Andrea

Run Time

2 HRS 02 MIN

Metropolitan Opera Orchestra and Chorus

Cast & Creative

James Levine
Maria Guleghina
Wendy White
Judith Christin

Andrea Chenier Libretto

Luciano Pavarotti
Andrea
Juan Pons
  • Oct 15, 1996
    Umberto Giordano
    Luigi Illica
    2 HRS 02 MIN
  • James Levine
    Maria Guleghina
    Wendy White
    Judith Christin
    Luciano Pavarotti
    Juan Pons